Home Insurance What are deductibles? Types and benefits

What are deductibles? Types and benefits


Deductibles will occur frequently in your insurance dealings. Therefore, a thorough explanation is necessary to avoid pitfalls, and we can’t neglect a core insurance concept that determines your out-of-pocket expenses and coverage.

For this reason, reading about deductibles, like in this post, should be at the top of your list of preparations before purchasing a policy. To develop your knowledge before you begin dealing with deductibles, we hope to use this post to simplify it, including its types, how it works, and benefits.

What are deductibles?

Deductibles are upfront payments policyholders make out of their pocket to cover financial losses before policy benefits kick in.

The term deductible comes from the root word deduct, meaning insurers will subtract this amount from your insured loss before supporting in the capacity the policy allows. Apart from life insurance, other insurance policies require a deductible.

Also, depending on the type of coverage, prices change from year to year, and paying cash to insurers is not compulsory. You can choose to spend the equivalent on expenses like car repairs and medical tests then your insurer can cover up to the maximum limit.

How do insurance deductibles work?

Insurers will subtract a specific amount from your claim payment if you operate a dollar deductible. For example, if the deductible on your policy is $500 and you incur a loss worth $10000, you get a claims check for $9500.

More so, deductibles only work on expenses under a coverage plan. If you opt for an annual deductible, you must complete your payment before insurers offer assistance.

Choosing an annual deductible means your insurer will cover extra costs without asking for deductibles once you exceed your out-of-pocket limit for the year.

Insurers will inform you of the details of your coverage’s deductibles through the first page or declarations page on your contract. Unlike health insurance, there could be more than one deductible on most plans; it’s not unusual because a single policy sometimes allows separate deductibles.

Finally, state insurance bodies regulate the implementation of deductibles and determine how they fit the policy’s language. To further understand how deductibles work, we’ll look into the primary types.

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 Types of deductibles

There are several acceptable options for payment of deductibles; let’s explore them.

  • Compulsory

This type of deductible is not optional. Once you raise a claim, it mandates you to pay a specific amount before the insurance company handles the rest.

  • Voluntary

In the case of a voluntary deductible, you choose the amount to pay after considering what is at stake. You can choose to increase or reduce the amount depending on the value of a property.

  • Standard

For this, insurers set an exact amount to pay for each claim. Here, the price is fixed, and the insurance company can only cover expenses outside this deductible.

  • Percentage

In this case, a set-out percentage from the policy is paid when there’s a claim. This mostly applies to homeowner’s insurance and other valuable investments.

  • Split

Policyholders can operate with two deductibles of this type. A split deductible allows the combination of standard and percentage type on one insurance plan.

  • Accumulative

This type is useful for policies handling multiple claims within a given time frame. If your policy covers three claims, you can pay deductibles for each one while the insurers cover the rest within the policy limit.

What are the benefits of an insurance plan with deductibles?

Lower premiums: Most people complain about expensive premiums. Well, you can reduce the cost of premiums by spending more on deductibles. From taking the lead, you automatically grant your insurers permission to shoulder some financial risks.

Tax savings: It leads to a reduction of taxable income. With insurance that allows deductibles, you can get more tax benefits and save on income taxes.

No-claims bonus: The deductible prevents you from raising multiple claims for small issues. When you avoid this, you earn a no-claim bonus (NCB), which includes premium benefits like lower renewal prices.


Generally, policyholders need to understand the complexities surrounding insurance to make choices that align with their goals. We hope you can leverage the provided information to increase your financial benefits.


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